Moving on from the comfortable world of Clojure and Tic Tac Toe, I have started my Java HTTP Server. The point of it being to serve files and show a directory. But that really isn’t the point of this post. It is about the most basic part of a server. Sockets!
Okay so basically, from how I understand it, sockets work something like this:
A server socket opens on a particular port, say 5000. It listens for incoming connection. When a regular socket opens up on 5000, the server socket can accept its connection. Then the server socket can write/get stuff from that particular socket’s connection.
This diagram explains it pretty well:
Java has built-in Server Sockets and Sockets, so accomplishing that in my HTTP server was not that hard, especially with the additional help of input and output streams (the socket in/out data.) To read from it I created these objects:
socket = serverSocket.accept(); output = new DataOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream()); reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
To say, get the HTTP request like
GET /foo HTTP/1.1 I read the first line of reader:
Writing, or displaying some bytes is done through either
It became pretty intuitive after I attained a basic understanding of these processes. It’s low-level but that doesn’t mean it is confusing or obtuse. I’m kind of getting into it.